Some of Our Duties to Our Imam, Imamul Asr (A.F)
Mikyalul Makarim by Sayyed Muhammad Taqi Isfahani [r] is a comprehensive book on our duties and responsibilities during the period of Ghaybah. In the translation of the original book [Vol 1 [translated S. Athar Husain Rizvi and published by Salman Book Centre]], not the excerpts, it's written in the preface of the esteemed author that he was recommended by Imam al-Mahdi (atf) to write this book [who came in his dream and also suggested the title - Mikyalul Makarim Fee Fawa'id ad- Dua Lil Qa'im - Perfection of Morals among the benefits of praying for al-Qa'im ]. The Duties of Shi'is in Ghaybah is elaborated in the last part of the book [which is divided into 8 parts]. The list of the duties is summarized below with one [or few] tradition/s corresponding each duty [if there were any given in the book]. If anyone wants an explanation, they can go through the book which has been translated or directly access the original book itself. 1. To obtain knowledge about the special characteristics of Imam (a.s.) and to have information about the 'certain' signs of his reappearance Shaykh Sadooq (r.a.) has recorded a tradition of Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) that he said, "One who doubts about four things has denied everything revealed by Allah. One of these being the Marefat of the Imam of age". 2. To be respectful while mentioning him. 3. Loving Him Sayyid Muhaddith Bahrani has reported a tradition through Numani that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said, "The Almighty Allah revealed on me on the night of Me'raj (ascension): 'O Muhammad! If one of My slaves worships Me so much that he dies in it, but denies the Wilayat of your (Ahle Bayt), I would put him in Hell.' Then He said, 'O Muhammad! Do you want to see your successors whose wilayat is obligatory upon the people?' 'Yes', I said and I was ordered to stand up. As soon as I moved forward I saw Ali Ibne Abi Talib, Hasan, Husain, Ali Ibne Husain, Muhammad Ibne Ali, Ja'far Ibne Muhammad, Moosa Ibne Ja'far, Ali Ibne Moosa, Muhammad Ibne Ali, Ali Ibne Muhammad, Hasan Ibne Ali and Hujjat-e-Qaem (a.s.). Whose countenance was more brilliant among them. I asked Allah who they were? The Almighty said: These are the Imams (a.s.) and this is Qaem (a.s.), He would make My halaal as halaal and My haraam as haraam. He shall take revenge from My enemies. O Muhammad! You love him because I love those who love him.'" 4. Making him Popular among the People A tradition in Rawdatul Kafi from Imam Sadiq (a.s.): "May Allah have mercy upon the one who makes us loved among the people and does not do anything that would make people inimical to us and hate us. By Allah! If they had conveyed our meaningful sayings verbatim to the people they would have created love and affection in their hearts. And no one could have put any sort of tag on them." (Rawdatul Kafi Vol. 8 Pg. 229, H. no. 293) Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said, "May Alalh have mercy on one who turns the love and affection of the people towards us and he speaks about those whom they know. And he leaves those who deny. (Majalis of Sadooq Pg. 61) 5. Awaiting his Reappearance There is a tradition of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) in Kamaluddin: "One of you who dies awaiting for Imam Mahdi (a.s.) dies as if he was with him in his tent." (Kamaluddin of Shaykh Sadooq Chapter 55, Tradition no. 1) Imam (a.s.) said to a person who came to him with a piece of paper, "This is letter of a debater who has posed a question to the correct faith." The newcomer said, "May Allah have mercy on you, you guessed correctly." Imam (a.s.) said, "Confess to the creed that there is no diety except Allah, and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. And testify to the veracity of all that is revealed by Allah. Imbibe the Wilayat of our household, have harbour enmity towards our enemies, submit to our command, cultivate piety and humility and await for our Qaem. There is a great kingdom in our fate. When Allah wills He will establish it." (Usool al-Kafi Vol. 2: Pg 22) 6. Expressing an eagerness to see him 7. Relating the Praiseworthy qualities of Imam (a.s.) Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.) has been reported to have remarked, “It is the duty of a group of heavenly angels to look at two or three people who are discussing the fazael of Aale Muhammad (a.s.). One of the angels says, 'Look at them! In spite of the fact that they are so few in number and in spite of having so many enemies they are still discussing the fazael of Aale Muhammad (a.s.).' The other group of angels says, "That is Allah's grace, He grants it to whom He pleases, and Allah is the Lord of mighty grace." (Surah Juma 62: 4) (Rawdatul Kafi Vol. 8 Pg. 334) 8. Grief of a believer due to Imam's separation Imam Reza (a.s.) says, "How devastated would be the believing women and men when the Imam will be hidden from them." (Kamaluddin) 9. To be present in assemblies where the Fazael and Manaqeb of Imam (a.s.) are discussed Imam Reza (a.s.) also confirms this, "One who sits an assembly where our affair is being enlivened (our fazael are discussed), his heart will not die on the day the hearts of people die (Qiyamat)." (Beharul Anwar Vol. 44 H. No. 1) 10. To organize gatherings where the Fazael of Imam (a.s.) shall be discussed Imam Sadiq (a.s.) on this juncture, "Meet each other because it enlivens your hearts and causes the remembrance of our affair (Wilayat), and our traditions will promote love amongst you. That if you take them you are successful and achieve salvation and if you leave them you shall be misguided and fall into perdition. Act on these traditions and I guarantee your salvation." 11. Composing and Reciting poems in Imam's Praise Imam Sadiq (a.s.) says, "Allah makes a house in Paradise for one who composes a couplet about us." (Wasaelush Shia Vol. 10 Pg. 467) 12. To stand up with respect at the mention of Imam's name The report says that one day the name of Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.) was mentioned in gathering of Imam Sadiq (a.s.). When the name was uttered, Imam Sadiq (a.s.) stood up in respect. (Beharul Anwar Vol. 44 Pg. 278) 13. Due to the sorrow of Imam separation one should weep, make others weep and make a sorrowful face Imam Reza (a.s.) said, "One who remembers our calamites and weep on them or makes others weep, on the day of Judgement he shall be with us in our category. One who is reminded of our sorrows and weeps or makes other people weep, his eyes shall not weep on the day (Qiyamat) when all the eyes shall be weeping." (Muntakhabul Athar) In the same book Imam Sadiq (a.s.) is quoted, "One who remembers us or our mention is made before him and a tear equal to a mosquitoes’ wing appears in his eyes, the Almighty Allah forgives his sins even if they are equal to the foam of the sea." (Beharul Anwar Vol. 44 Pg. 248) 14. To Pray to Allah that He bestows us with the Marefat (Recognition) of Imam (a.s.) Abu Baseer says that Imam Sadiq (a.s.) explained the ayat: "And those who are bestowed wisdom they indeed are bestowed with exceeding goodness" - '(Wisdom) means the obedience of Allah and (exceeding goodness means) Marefat of Imam (a.s.)' (Al-Kafi Vol. 1 Pg. 185). 15. Always Pray for Imam (a.s.) Shaykh Kulaini in Al-Kafi, Numani in his book Ghaibat and Shaykh Tusi in ‘Ghaibat’ state that Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'This youth will have Ghaibat before the advent of Qiyamat." "Why?" asked the narrator. "For the fear of his life", replied the Imam (a.s.) pointing towards his belly. Then said,"O Zurarah! He is the awaited one (Muntazar), one whose birth will be doubted. Some will even say that his father departed from the world without leaving any heir. Others will say that he was not yet born when his father expired. Some will say that he was born two years prior to the martyrdom of his father. He is that very Awaited one. But the almighty shall test the Shias. Immediately after this begins the period of doubts of the deviated people. O Zurarah! If you are alive in such a time, recite the following Dua: O Allah! Grant me Your recognition, for if I do not recognize You I will not recognize your Messenger. O Allah grant me the recognition of Your Prophet I will not recognize Your Hujjat (Proof). O Allah! Grant me the recognition of Your Hujjat. For if I don't recognize Your Hujjat I will deviate from my religion. 16. Steadfastness in Praying for Imam (a.s.) Shayikh Sadooq narrates from Abdullah bin Sinan who says that Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said, "After this a time of such doubt will befall you that you will be without the visible signs and a guiding Imam. And no one shall be able to achieve salvation from this except those who recite "Dua-e- Ghareeq." (Supplication of the drowning man). The narrator asked what this Dua was? Imam (a.s.) replied, "O Allah! O Beneficent! O Merciful.O One who changes the hearts (of people) Give me steadfastness upon Your religion" After repeating ‘Muqallebal Quloob' the narrator added the word, 'Wal absaar’ (and the vision). When Imam (a.s.) heard this, he said, "Indeed Allah is the Who changes the hearts and vision, but you recite the Dua as I have said." (Kamaluddin Vol. 2 Pg. 351) 17. Reciting Supplications During the Period of Ghaibat The narrator asked Imam (a.s.) what the Shias are supposed to do in the Ghaibat of Imam (a.s.)? Imam (a.s.) replied, “In addition to reciting duas you must await for the reappearance." "What should we pray?" asked the narrator. Imam (a.s.) replied: Translation: O Allah! You have bestowed Your recognition (Marefat) to me and bestowed the recognition of your Messenger, and the angels and made me recognize your Prophet and made me recognize the guardians of Your affair. O Allah! I will not take anything except what you bestow. And except for you I have no protector. O Allah! Do not distance me from the grades of Your friends and do not neglect me from the grades of Your friends and do not neglect my heart after having guided it. O Allah. Guide me towards the wilayat of one who obedience is made incumbent on me." (Muhajjid Dawaat Pg. 332) 18. Knowledge of the Signs of Reappearance Imam Sadiq (a.s.) is quoted in the book Al- Kafi that he said, "Recognise the signs (of reappearance). After knowing them correctly, the hastening or delay of this affair will not cause you any harm." 19. We must be Submissive as well as Impatient Abdul Rahman Ibne Kathir is quoted in Al- Kafi that he was present in the assembly of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) when Muhzam entered and said, "May our lives be sacrificed on You! Please tell us when the affair that we await shall come to pass?" Imam (a.s.) replied, "O Muhzam! Those who fix a time are liars, those who were impatient were destroyed and those who resigned themselves to the situation got salvation." (Al-Kafi Vol. 1 Pg. 368) 20. Giving Sadaqah on Behalf of Imam (a.s.) Allamah Ali Ibne Tawoos in his book Kashful Muhajja, in which he has reminded his son about the acts that we should perform during the Ghaibat of Imam (a.s.), He finally says, "You must care for his leadership, loyalty and attachment in a way that Allah, Prophet (s.a.) and the forefathers of Imam Mahdi (a.s.) expect from you. You must give preference of the needs of Imam (a.s.) over your own needs, when you are reciting the Namaz-e-Hajat (Prayer of having your need fulfilled). Before giving Sadaqah on behalf of your family members, give Sadaqah on behalf of Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.) and pray for him. In addition to this, give him preference in every good deed. All this things will invite Imam's (a.s.) attention and favours for you." (Kashful Muhajja Pg. 151-152). 21. Giving Sadaqah for the safety of Imam- e-Zamana (a.s.) 22. Performing Hajj on behalf of Imam (a.s.) or sending someone as a proxy for Imam (a.s.) Ibne Miskan narrates from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) in the book Al-Kafi that he asked Imam (a.s.): How much reward is earned by a person who performs a Hajj on behalf of someone else? Imam (a.s.) replied, "The reward of ten Hajjs shall be given to the one who performs it on behalf of someone else." (Furu Al-Kafi Vol. 4 Pg. 312) 23. To perform Tawaf (circumambulation) on behalf of Imam (a.s.) or to send someone for performing tawaf on his behalf In the book of Al-Kafi in a tradition of Imam Taqi (a.s.) reported by Moosa bin al-Qasim. The narrator says that he asked Imam (a.s.), "I wanted to perform tawaf on behalf of you and your forefathers (a.s.) but people said that tawaf was not permitted on behalf of the successors (awsiya)?" Imam (a.s.), “Rather, you must do as many tawafs as possible." The narrator says that after a period of three years, again he came to Imam (a.s.) and said, "I had previously obtained permission from you to perform Tawaf on behalf of you and your father. After this I performed as many tawafs as Allah willed for me on behalf of you and your respected father. After this I had an idea!" "What was it?" asked Imam (a.s.), "On day one I performed tawaf on behalf of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.)." Imam (a.s.) recited Salawat on the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) thrice. The narrator continued, "On the second day I performed tawaf in lieu of Amirul Momneen (a.s.), then for Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.), Imam Husain (a.s.), Imam Sajjad (a.s.), Imam Baqir (a.s.), Imam Sadiq (a.s.), on the eight day I performed it on behalf of your grandfather Imam Moosa al-Kazim (a.s.). On the ninth day for your respected father Imam Reza (a.s.) and on the tenth day I had the fortune of performing tawaf of your respected self. (a.s.). I worship Allah through the wilayat of these personalities." Imam (a.s.) said, "By Allah! You are worshipping Allah through a religion (din) other than which Allah will not except any din." The narrator said, "Often I have performed tawaf on behalf of your respected grandmother, Fatemah Zahra (s.a.) and sometimes I didn't do it." Imam (a.s.) said, "Do more tawaf! If Allah wills it will be the best action performed by you." (Furu Al-Kafi Vol. 4 Pg. 316) 24. Ziarat of the Holy Prophet and Imams (a.s.) on behalf of Imam (a.s.) 25. To Send a Pilgrim for Ziarat on Behalf of Imam (a.s.) 26. Striving for Imam (a.s.) Imam Sadiq (a.s.) says, "If I could reach his time, I shall spend my life in his service." 27. Organising help of Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.) Allah says, "Indeed Allah helps those who help Allah. Certainly Allah is All-Powerful, The Mighty." Elsewhere, Allah says, "If you help Allah, He shall help you and make you firm-footed." Commentators of Quran state that 'helping Allah' means helping the Holy Prophet and the Imams (a.s.) 28. Having a firm Intention of Helping Imam (a.s.) in event of his reappearance Ali Ibne Abi Talib (a.s.), who says, "Halt! Be patient in calamities and difficulties. Do not move your hands and swords under the madness that you utter. And for those affairs where Allah has not made hasty you do not act hastily in them. One who dies sleeping on his bed with correct understanding of the rights of Allah, His Messenger (s.a.w.s.) and his family, dies a martyr and his reward is upon Allah. And he has received the reward of that which he intended to do. This intention of his will be considered as pulling out the sword. And there is no doubt that there is a fixed time for everything and a particular period." 29. Renewal of Oath at the hands of Imam (a.s.) Every day - Every Friday It is Mustahab (recommended) to renew the oath of allegiance with Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.) every Friday. According to traditions every Friday the angels gather at Baitul Ma'moor and renew the oath of allegiance to Imams (a.s.). 30. Helping Imam (a.s.) with one's property As mentioned in Al-Kafi, Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said, "There is no better deed that earmarking a few Dirhams for Imam (a.s.). The Almighty Allah makes this Dirham equal to Mt. Uhud in Paradise for this donor." After this Imam (a.s.) said, "The Almighty Allah says in His book, ‘Who is it that will offer of Allah a goodly gift, so He will multiply it to him manifold." (Surah Baqarah 2: 245) Imam says, "By Allah this is a special gift to Imam (a.s.)." 31. Monetary Assistance to the Pious Shias and Friends of Imam (a.s.) In Man La Yahzarul Faqih, Imam Sadiq (a.s.) is reported to have said, "One who could not do good to us, he should do good towards our righteous Shias and friends, he shall get the reward of helping us. And those who could not visit us should visit of righteous friends, he shall get the reward of our Ziarat (visitation)." 32. Pleasing the Believers A tradition of Imam Sadiq (a.s.) in Al-Kafi says, "Those of you who please a believer should not think that you have pleased only this believer. By Allah! He has pleases us! Rather by Allah! He has pleased the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.)." (Al-Kafi Vol. 2 Pg. 189) 33. Being a well-wisher of Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.) It is mentioned in Al-Kafi that Imam Baqir (a.s.) narrates from the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.), that he said, Allah does not look at any of His friends who has borne difficulties in doing good for us except that, that person will be with us in an exalted friendship." In another place in the same book it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said, “The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) delivered a discourse among the people in Masjide-e- Khaif and said: O Allah! Please the slave who listens to our words, gives them place in his heart and conveys them to hose who have not heard them. He is mostly conversant with fiqh (jurisprudence) but he is not a fiqih Jurisprudent) himself. Many a times a person with knowledge" of jurisprudence passes it to a more intelligent jurisprudent. A Muslim should not do Khayanat (defalcation) in three things: (1) He should perform deeds purely for Allah (2) He should be a well-wisher for the Imam (a.s.) and the religious leaders. (3) He should not distance himself from their congregation, because their invitation is for all those who like it. Muslims are brothers to each other and their blood is of equal value and even the weakest of them strives in the fulfillment of oath and vow. (Al-Kafi Vol. 1 Pg. 403) 34. Ziarat of Imam (a.s.) 35. Meeting the righteous believers and socializing with them -31st duty 36. Reciting Salawat and Salutations upon Imam (a.s.) Ali Ibne Tawoos and other Shia scholars have recorded a special Salawat for Imam (a.s.) In the Name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful O Allah! Send blessings upon Your Wali and the son of Your Wali. One whose obedience you made incumbent and rights obligatory. You remove all impurities from him and purified him a thorough purification. O Allah! Help him and by it help your religion and thereby help your awaliya (friends) and his friends and by it help his Shias and his helpers and include us among them. O Allah! Take them in Your refuge from the mischief of every oppressor and transgressor, and from mischief of all Your creatures. And protect him from the front, the back, from right and left and protect him and grant security to him from every calamity that comes to him from every direction. And through him protect (the religion of) your Messenger and the Progeny of Your Messenger. And make evident through it justice through his hands and bestow him with special help. And help those who help him and degrade his opponents. And by through him destroy the oppressor infidels and annihilate the disbelievers, the hypocrites and all the apostates whether they are from the east or the west from the dry land or from the seas, from the plains or from hilly areas. And by him fill up the earth with justice and make apparent the religion of your Messenger (Peace be upon him and his progeny). O Allah! Include us among his helpers and assistants and followers and Shias. And make apparent in my life all that the Aale Muhammad are eager for and fulfill their hopes as regards their enemies (degrade their enemies). O the rightful God the lord of the worlds! (accept my supplication). (Jamalus Suboo Pg. 493). 37. Gifting the Thawab of prayers to Imam (a.s.) Sayyid Ibne Tawoos (r.a.) from Abu Muhammad Saimri that it is narrated from the holy Imam (a.s.): "One who gifts the thawab of his prayers to the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.), Amirul Momeneen and the Imams after him, Allah shall increase the reward of this prayer to such an extent that one becomes breathless while counting it. And before his soul is separated from his body he is told, O Man! Your gift has reached me! Since this is the day of recompense, may your heart gladden and eyes brighten through the recompense that Allah has fixed for you and this which you have reached. Congratulation for it." The narrator says that he asked Imam (a.s.) how they should gift the prayer and what they should recite to gift its thawab. Imam (a.s.) told him, "Make an intention (niyaat) that the thawab of this prayer is for the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.)…." (Jamalus Suboo Pg. 332) 38. Gift of a Special Prayer The proof of this virtuous act is the tradition which states that even if we recite two rakat prayer everyday we can gift its thawab to one of the Imams. 39. A Special Prayer in a particular time for Hadiya of Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.) 40. Hadiya of Reciting Quran for Imam (a.s.) Ali Ibne Mughira is quoted in Al-Kafi that he asked Imam Kazim (a.s.), "My father had asked your respected grandfather regarding the complete recitation of Quran every night who told him, "Yes it can he completed every night." When my father asked about completion of Quran in the month of Ramadhan he received the same reply. So he used to finish reading the complete Quran forty times during the holy month of Ramadhan. After him I continued this practice. On the day of Eid I complete a Quran for the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) and after him for Amirul momineen (a.s.) till I reach you. So tell me how is this act of our considered by your goodself?” Imam (a.s.) said, “Your reward is that you shall be in the company of those exalted personalities." The narrator said, "Such a high reward?" Imam (a.s.) said three times, "Yes"