Re: The Twelve Imams (1)…Mumtaz Ya Ustaz

By Mahfuz Mudadu The piece authored by UstazAbubakarSiddeeq on January 3, 2014 published by Leadership Newspaper, in response to Sheikh Turi’s column yet attracts my humble response. This time around I intend to make it shortand sharp. Hence, my resort to “Scene X Act Y” approach. Ustaz Abukara Siddeeq Muhammad: Last week I concluded my two part series: THE PROPHET (SAW) DID NOT CERTIFY A SUCCESSOR BEFORE HIS DEMISE, My response: The Holy Prophet indeed appointed a successor. The fact that you do not know does not necessarily mean it did not happened. Put differently, you might have known that the Holy Prophet indeed appointed his successor, but acknowledging that may put Ustaz Abubakar Siddeeq Muhammad in a difficult situation to reconcile what happened just after the demise of the Holy Prophet.Yet it is on record that 110 companions of the Holy Prophet narrated an authentic Hadith to this effect. You may deny the incidence of GhadeerKhum but the following references render your argument barren. 1. al-Hakim al-Naysaburi, alMustadrak `ala al- Sahihayn (Beirut), volume 3, pp. 109-110, p. 133, p. 148, p. 533. 2. al-Tirmidhi, Sunan (Cairo), vol. 5, p. 633 3. IbnMajah, Sunan, (Cairo, 1952), vol. 1, p. 45 4. IbnHajar al-'Asqalani, 5. Fath al-Bari SharhSahih al-Bukhari(Beirut, 1988), vol. 7, p.61 6. Al-'Ayni, 'Umdat al-QariSharhSahih al- Bukhari, vol. 8, p. 584 7. Ibn al-'Athir, Jami` al'usul, i, 277, no. 65; 8. Al-Suyuti, al-Durr al-Manthur, vol. 2, p. 259 and p. 298 9. Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Tafsir al-Kabir, (Beirut, 1981), vol. 11, p. 53 10. IbnKathir, Tafsir Qur'an al-'Azim, (Beirut), vol. 2, p. 14 11. Al-Wahidi, Asbab al-Nuzul, p. 164Ibn al-'Athir, 12. Usd al-Ghaba fi Ma'rifat al-Sahaba, (Cairo), vol.3, p. 92 13. IbnHajar al-'Asqalani, Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, (Hyderabad, 1325), vol. 7, p. 339 14. IbnKathir, al-Bidayahwa al-Nihayah, (Cairo, 1932), vol. 7, p. 340, vol. 5, p. 213 UstazAbubakarSiddeeq Muhammad: Let me present a short background for better understanding of what Sheikh Turi presented in the second subtopic of the article under discussion. My response: This is a subtle way of literarily putting words in to Sheikh Turi’s mouth. I do not expect Ustaz to be this waggish, particularly so that the word “Imam” was never used in the Hadith of GadheerKhumm. Instead the Holy Prophet was reported to have said “Man kuntumaulahufahazaAliyunmaulahu”. Not man kuntuImamuhu… To whoever I am his Master this Ali is equally his master. What else can be more succinct, precise and concise? Ustaz Abubakar Siddeeq Muhammad: People generally understand ‘ imam’ to be one who leads the prayers, or a leader, but the word carries special connotation in Shi’ah beliefs. My response: My response above makes itabundantly clear that the premise advanced by Ustazcannot be employed in support of such a crude conclusion. Ustaz may wish to be “smarter” . UstazAbubakarSiddeq Muhammad: To them, Allah designates the Imam. Individuals have no freedom in the choice or election of an Imam. My response: To them? Not them aloneUstaz. Every Muslim that believes in Qur’an must know and submit that only Allah appoints Imam and that is his prerogative and His alone. This is what the Holy Quran says: And thy Lord creates what He wills and CHOOSES; THEY HAVE NO RIGHT TO CHOOSE; glory be to Allah, and exalted be He above what they associate! (28:68). " O Dawud ! Verily; We have MADE thee (Our) caliph on the earth... " (38:26) (Allah) said: "Surely I am going to MAKE YOU AN IMAM for men…" (2 : 124) And We MADE THEM IMAMS who were to guide by Our command ... (21:73) The above quoted verses from the Holy Quran proved the fallacy of Ustaz’s claim. As such I conclude thus; And you shall never find a change in divine practice (33:62). UstazAbubakarSiddeeq Muhammad: Thereafter, Sheikh Turi introduced the issue of the Twelve Imams, only that, surprisingly, he avoided using imams throughout this subtopic. He kept using the Sunni phraseology of khulafah, successors as opposed to shi’ah’simamah. My response: Technically speaking Imam/ Aimma and Khulafah signify one and the same thing. As such there is nothing to avoid. UstazAbubakarSiddeeq Muhammad: He said, “As narrated byBukhari and Muslim among others and authenticated by Albaani , the last prophet has repeatedly emphasized that successors after him are twelve and all from Quraish, which he sometimes related to Bani- Hashim .” Brilliant! My response: What else should I say? Brilliant! I repeat. UstazAbubakaSiddeq Muhammad Supports Sheikh Turi’s narrations with additional proofs as follows: 1 Narrated Jabir bin Samura: I heard Muhammad saying, “There will be twelve Muslim rulers.” He then said a sentence, which I did not hear. My father said, “All of them (those rulers) will be from Quraish .” (SahihBukhari 89.329) 2 Narrated Jabir bin Samura: I heard Muhammad saying, “The (Islamic) religion will continue until the Hour (day of resurrection), having twelve Caliphs for you, all of them will be from Quraysh .” (SahihMuslim : Book 020: Number 4477, 4478, 4480, 4481, 4482, 4483) 3 The Prophet said: “This religion remains standing until there are twelve vicegerents over you, all of them agreeable to the nation, all of them from Quraysh.” (Sunan Abu Dawood : Book 36: Number 4266) 4 The Prophet said: “There will be after me twelve Amir (Prince/Ruler) , all of them from Quraysh.” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi (Arabic) Chapter of Fitan, 2:45) 5 Masrooqnarates that someone asked Abdullah IbnMasood, “O AbaaAbd al-Rahmaan, did you ask the Messenger of Allah how many caliphs will rule this nation?” Abdullah IbnMasood replied, “Yes, we did ask the Messenger of Allah and he replied, “ Twelve, like the number of chiefs (nuqabaa) of Bani Israel”” (Musnad – Ahmad, vol 1, pg 398) MumtazYaUstaz ! “Fainna ha laataa mal absaaru… walakintaamalkuluubul laity fissuduur”