Birth of Sayyida Zahra (a.s)

Sayyida Fatima Zahra (A.S.):
Leader of the Women of Paradise
The Only Daughter of the Holy Prophet of Islam
(S.A.W.)
The Mother of the Leaders of Youth of Paradise:
(Imam Hasan(A.S.) and Imam Husain(A.S.)

Name : Fatima

Title : Az-Zahra

Kunyat : Umm-ul-Aimma

Born : Friday 20th of Jamadi-ul-Akhar in Mecca

Father’s Name : Holy Prophet Muhammad Ibn-e-
Abdulla (S.A.W.)

Mother’s Name : Khadija bint-e-Khuwailid

Martyred : 13th Jamadi-ul-Awwal or 3rd Jamadi-
ul-Akhir 11Hijrah at Medina at the age of 18 years
(due to injury inflicted upon her through force of a
falling door by a hypocrite).

Buried :The cemetery of Jannatul Baqi or in the
Masjid-un-Nabi at Medina.

The Birthday of Hadrat Fatima Zahra(A.S.)
Hadrat Khadija’s(S.A.) excellent and noble
characteristics are fantastic example for mankind
to follow. She is the lady who gave birth to Fatima
Zahra(S.A.) and brought her up with talents and
virtues. Fatima Zahra(S.A.) was a descendant of
two great people. Furthermore, there are
undisputed facts that have been declared by the
Sacred Messenger and Ahlul-Bayt (A.S.) that
neither science nor contemporary discoveries have
been able to conquer the deep meanings of, despite
what science has achieved in these fields. Because
these facts are beyond the reach of machines and
telescopes, photographer’s advanced lenses can
not capture their rays, nor can natural or logical
senses realize them. Actually, the truth goes
beyond material and logical realization, for the five
senses are unable to define it.
We move on to elaborate on the subject by verifying
it through a selection of narrations mentioned in
Volume 6 of Bihar Al-Anwar.
Gabriel descended to the Messenger of Allah
(S.A.W.) and told him:
O Muhammad! The Most Exalted sends His peace
upon you and commands you to refrain from
(coming close to) Khadija for forty days. It was
difficult for the Prophet, who loved and adored
Khadija to do so; nevertheless (in obedience to
Allah’s command) he spent forty days fasting and
praying nights. When it was close to the end of the
forty days, he (S.A.W.) summoned Ammar Ibn
Yasser and asked him to go to Khadija and tell her:
“O Khadija! do not assume that my separation from
you means abandoning or forsaking you, rather my
Lord commanded me to do so, so expect nothing
save benevolence, for surely Allah (exalted is His
Name) praises you to His most honorable angels
several times a day. Therefore, with nightfall, close
the door and lay dawn to sleep; for I will be staying
at Fatima Bint Assad’s house.”
This brought sad tidings to Khadija who missed
having the Prophet by her side. At the end of the
forty days, Gabriel once again descended to Allah’s
Messenger and said:
“O Muhammad! The Most Exalted sends His peace
upon you and commands you to be prepared for His
salutation and gift.”
The Prophet said:
“Gabriel! What is the Lord of the world’s gift and
what is His salutation?”
Gabriel said:
“I have no knowledge of it” At that moment, Michael
descended with a plate covered with a kerchief
made of brocade and presented it to the Prophet!
Gabriel said to him (S.A.W.):
“O Muhammad, your Lord commands you to break
your fasting with this food tonight.”
Imam Ali Ibn Abu Talib (A.S.) said in this regard:
“The Prophet (S.A.W.) used to order me to open the
door to whoever wanted to join him when he came
to break his fast, bus that night he ordered me to
guard the door of the house and said to me:
‘O son of Abu Talib! This food is forbidden to
everyone save me.”
Then he (A.S.) said:
“I sat at the door, and the Prophet (S.A.W.)
uncovered the plate, in privacy, to find a cluster of
dates and a bunch of grapes; he ate until satisfied
and drank his need of water. He then extended his
hands to be washed, so Gabriel poured the water,
Michael washed his hands, and Israfil dried them.
Thereafter, the remaining food with the plate
ascended to heaven.
Then he (S.A.W.) started to prepare himself for
prayers when Gabriel said to him:
“Prayer is forbidden to you until you go to Khadija’s
house and perform coition with her; for Allah (Glory
be to Him) ordained upon Himself to create noble
progeny from you tonight.’ So he (S.A.W.) rushed to
Khadija’s house.”
It can be concluded from the above mentioned
narration that: 1. Allah Almighty commanded His
Messenger to abandon Khadija a period of time so
that his longing and wanting her increased.
2. He (S.A.W.) performed more worship so as to
achieve a higher level of spirituality and
sacredness, as a result of being in constant contact
with the heavenly world.
3. He (S.A.W.) broke his fast on the pure heavenly
gift.
Imam Reza (A.S.) said: “The Prophet said (S.A.W.):
‘On the night of my ascension to Heaven, Gabriel
took my hand and led me into Paradise, then he
handed me dates from which l ate. When I
descended to Earth, I came unto Khadija who
became pregnant with Fatima; thus, Fatima is a
human huri, whom whenever I long for Paradise I
smell.’
Imam Baqir (A.S.), on the account of Jabir Ibn
Abdullah, said: “It was said to the Messenger of
Allah: Surely you kiss, embrace and bring Fatima
close to you… and treat her better than your other
daughters!” He (S.A.W.) commented: “Indeed, for
Gabriel brought me an apple from heaven, which I
ate which later bore Fatima through Khadija.Hence, I
smell paradise’s fragrance in her.”
Ibn Abbas said: “Aisha entered the house while the
Messenger of Allah was kissing Fatima, so she
said:
‘Do you love her, O Messenger of Allah?’
He replied:
‘Indeed, by Allah if you knew the extent of my love
for her, your love would increase for her. When I
was in the forth heaven… (until he said) that I found
these dates softer than butter, more pleasant than
musk and sweeter than honey. So when I
descended to earth, I came unto Khadija and she
bore Fatima. Thus, Fatima is a human huri,
whenever I long for paradise I smell her.’
Some noble narrators mentioned that
one day Lady Khadija (may Allah be pleased with
her)asked the Master of creatures (the Prophet
(S.A.W.)) to show her a fruit from the Dwell of
Peace (Paradise). Thus, Gabriel brought him who
was chosen above all (S.A.W.) two apples from
Paradise and said:
‘O Muhammad, He who appointed a due proportion
for all things says to you: “Eat one apple and give
the other to Lady Khadija, then come unto her; for I
will create from you (both) Fatima Zahra.”‘
The Chosen One (S.A.W.) did what The Guardian
(Gabriel) told him to do, and…. (until he said). Thus,
whenever the Chosen One (S.A.W.) longed for
Paradise and its greatness, he would kiss Fatima
and smell her beautiful fragrance and say:
‘Fatima is a human Huri.’
There are successive narrations in this regard, but
we satisfy ourselves with what has been
mentioned. There remains a point here on which
elaboration is rather important; it is noticeable that
the narrations clearly state that Khadija bore Fatima
immediately after the Prophet’s Ascension to
heaven, which took place in the second or third
year after revelation. Nevertheless, there is a
collection of narrations from the Holy Imams of
Ahlul-Bayt (A.S.), which state that Fatima was born
five years after the first revelation to the Prophet
(S.A.W.). This indicates that she stayed in her
mother’s womb for more than two years, which is
definitely incorrect. How can the contradictions
between the narrations be explained?! There are
several probabilities, which can be given as
answers to this question; they are:
1. The Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) ascended to
heaven more than once, as was stated in the Book
of Kafi. This, in my opinion, is the most accurate
account of this affair.
2. Taking into account some narrations which state
that Fatima (S.A.) was born in the second or third
year after the first revelation (as will be mentioned
together with the historians’ opinions who claim that
Ascension took place in the third year of revelation);
this contradiction can be explained especially in
light of the various sayings regarding the month
during which Ascension occurred.
Among the unique merits of Fatima Zahra was that
she spoke to her mother while she was still in her
mother’s womb. Shiite scholars are not alone in
reporting this merit of Fatima; several Sunni
scholars and narrators also support this fact.
“When Khadija was pregnant with Fatima, she
(Fatima) used to speak to her from her womb, but
Khadija kept this from the Prophet. One day, the
Prophet entered the house and found Khadija
speaking to someone while no one was in the room
with her He (S.A.W.) inquired as to whom she was
speaking; she replied:
‘That which in my womb, surely it speaks to me.’
Then the Prophet said:
‘Rejoice Khadija, for this is the girl whom Allah has
made to be the mother of eleven of my successors
who will come after me and after their father.’
Hadrat Fatima Zahra’s Birth
The clear disagreement on Fatima’s birth date is
surprising. Some scholars state that she was born
five years after revelation; while others say that she
was born two or three years before that; and still
others claim that she was born five years before
revelation.
It should be noted that the first statement was
narrated from the Imams of Ahlul-Bayt (A.S.); a
group of Sunni scholars also favor the same
viewpoint. On the other hand, Sunni scholars and
narrators alone speak of the second date. The
following are narrations which have been cited
concerning the date of Fatima Zahra’s birth:
1. Kafi (Kulayni): “She was born five years after (the
beginning of) Prophethood, and three years after
Ascension to heaven. When the Prophet died,
Fatima was eighteen years old… .”
2. Al-Manaqib (Ibn Shahr Ashub): “Fatima was born
five years after (the beginning of) Prophethood and
three years after Ascension, namely on the 20th of
Jamadi Al-Thani. She lived eight years in Mecca
with her father, then she immigrated… .”
3. Al-Bihar: Imam Baqir (A.S.) said: “Fatima Bint
Muhammad was born five years after the (first)
revelation to Allah’s Messenger. She died when she
was eighteen years and seventy-five days old.”
4. Rawdhat Al-Waedhin: “Fatima was born five
years after the (first) revelation to the Prophet.. .”
5. Iqbal Al-Aamal: Sheik Mufeed in his book Hadaiq
Ar-Ryadh, said: “The 20th of Jamadi Al-Thani was
the birthday of Fatima Zahra during the second year
after (the first) revelation.”
6. Misbab Al-Kaf’ami: “Although it has been said
that she was born five years after (the first)
revelation, (Fatima) was born on Friday the 20th of
Jamadi Al-Thani, two years after revelation.”
7. Misbahain: “Friday the 20th of Jamadi Al-Thani,
two years after revelation, was the birthday of
Fatima (S.A.), as was cited by some narrations. It
has been mentioned in a narration that she was
born five years after revelation. The Sunnis narrate
that she was born five years before revelation.”
8. Dala’el Al-Imamah, on the authority of Imam
Sadiq (A.S.): “Fatima was born on the 20th of
Jamadi Al-Thani, forty five years after the Prophet
was born… .”
The above mentioned statements are a selection of
narrations from the Imams of Ahlul-Bayt (A.S.) and
the old Shiite scholars (may Allah bless their souls)
declaring that Fatima Zahra’s birth took place after
revelation. Contrary to this, the Sunni scholars have
stated:
1. Ma’refat As-Sahabah by Abu Nu’eym: “Fatima
was the youngest of Allah’s Messenger’s
daughters. She was born while Quraish was building
Kaaba.”
2. Maqatil At-Talibin by Abu Al-Faraj Al-Isfahani:
“Fatima’s birth took place before revelation, during
the time that Quraish was building Kaaba.”
3. lbn Al-Athir in Al-Muhktar Fi Manaqib Al-Akhiar.
4. Tabari in Dhakhaer Al-Uqbi.
5. Sayuti in Ath-Thughour Al-Basimah.
Perhaps more research would reveal that the
Sunnis adopted this viewpoint in most of their
books. After briefly examining the above mentioned
narrations and in view of the fact that neither
Ascension nor Revelation took place before the
beginning of Prophethood, it becomes clear that
Lady Fatima Zahra’s birth was after revelation.
Therefore, the falsity of the traditions, which claim
that she was born five years prior to the first
revelation, becomes obvious. There are two
motives, which can be cited for those who made
such false claims: The first is to refute the prophetic
traditions which reveal the story of heavenly food
that bore Fatima. The second is to prove that Fatima
Zahra was unattractive to the point that she became
eighteen years old before anyone asked to marry
her.
Nevertheless, Tabari in Dhakhaer Al-Uqbi, Asfuri
Shafe’i in Nuzhat Al-Majalis and Qanduzi in
Yanabea Al-Mawaddah narrated that Khadija (S.A.)
said:
“…Then, when (Fatima’s) delivery came near, I sent
for the Quraishan midwives who refused to help me
because of Muhammad (S.A.W.). During childbirth,
four ladies whose beauty and brilliance were
indescribable entered the house. One of them said:
‘I am your Mother Eve.’
The second said: ‘I am Um Kulthum, Musa’s sister.
‘ The third said: ‘I am Mariam, and we have come to
help you.'”
Here is the same narration but in a different
manner:
“When Khadija was about to deliver, she sent for
the Quraishan women to help her give birth to her
child. They refused and said:
‘We will not help you; for you became Muhammad’s
wife.’ In the meantime, four women entered the
house; their beauty and brilliance can not be
described. One of them said:
‘I am your Mother Eve.’
The second said:
‘I am Asyia Bint Muzahim.’
The third said: ‘I am Kulthum, Musa’s sister.’
The fourth said:
‘I am Mariam Bint Imran, (Isa’s mother). We have
come to deliver your child.'”
Fatima was then born. When Fatima fell on the
ground, she was in a prostrating position, raising
her finger.