Birth of Sayyida Fatimah Ma'asumah (s.a)
After the martyrdom (Shahadat) of our 7th Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as), his son and our 8th Imam Ali ar-Ridha (as) took care of his family and his sisters. Bibi Fatima al-Masooma loved her brother immensely [similar to the love of Bibi Zainab (sa) towards her brother Imam Husayn (as)].
In 200AH Mamoon Rashid, the Abbasid caliph called Imam Ali ar-Ridha (as) to Khorasan from Medina and no family member was allowed to accompany him. Bibi Fatima al-Masooma missed her brother very much and left Medina for Khorasan, Iran.
When she reached Sawa, she learnt the news of Shahadat of her brother. On learning this, she became very ill and asked to be taken to Qum. Within a few days after her brother's death, she died. She was buried in Qum on 8th Rabi-ul-Awwal 201AH. She was only 22 years old at the time of her death. People pay great respect and visit her grave from all the different corners of the world and have their wishes (Hajat) fulfilled.
The beginning of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Qi'dah marks the birth anniversary of Bibi Fatima al-Masooma (sa). She was born in the holy city of Medina.
The holy household was awaiting the arrival of a new born. In the house of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as), Najma, the wife of the honorable Imam was eagerly looking forward to the arrival of the child; she was counting days and nights for that special day. The Imam's house was overwhelmed with happiness and joy.
Finally, the day arrived, on the 1st of Dhu al-Qi'dah 173 (AH) when Allah (SWT) blessed our 7th Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) with a daughter. The child's appearance was brilliant and cheerful and she opened her pure bright eyes to this world in the house of Imam.
All the members of the Holy Household were in utter happiness for the newborn and after the Imam, may be there was not anybody as happy as his wife Najma. This was because this was the second child that was granted by the grace of Allah to Najma after 25years. 25years ago, in the same month of Dhil-Qa'dah, Najma had given birth to a baby boy who after his father was to become the Imam and was to shoulder the responsibility of Imamate and guiding the Muslims.
Yes! That was 148 (A.H.), when the eight Imam, Ali (A.S.) was born and who was given the title of Ridha. Najma got immense pleasure in her first child and after years God blessed her and her husband Musa Kadhim (A.S.) with a daughter and a sister to Imam Ridha (A.S.).
Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) named his daughter Fatimah, for the sake of love and special attachment he had with his grandmother Fatimah Zahra (S.A.). Fatimah's purity, modesty, and piety were such that after sometime she was referred as "Ma'soomah" (the infallible). This was because like her honorable Father, she used to keep away from all evils and sins.
Fatemah, was a name that was remembered among the Ahlul bayt who had hundreds of sad and sweet memories of the life of Bibi Fatimah (S.A.).
If anybody chose the name Fatimah for their daughters, they used to give the same respect as the prophet (S.A.W.) used to give his daughter. She was never neglected. Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) also followed this tradition and used to love the new girl very much and never failed to show and express his kindness to and love for her.
Fatimah Ma'soomah was growing under the shelter of her father and dear mother and was day by day learning new things from both of them. If the father of Fatemah was the Imam of the Muslims and was matchless in his piety and chastity, then her mother was also pious and faithful who had accomplished her essential studies of Islam in the school of the wife of Imam Ja'far Sadiq (A.S.). In those days she was the most intelligent amongst all women and it was for reason that the mother of Imam Kadhim (Hamideh) asked him to propose and marry her.
Hazrat Fatimah Ma'soomah took advantage of studying in the presence of her father, brother and pious mother. All her young life was full of Islamic education. Every Friday Muslims would come to Medina with their religious questions. After getting their questions answered by Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as), they would return to their town. Incidentally, once Imam Kadhim was away and Imam Ridha (A.S.) was also not around. The Muslims without getting their question answered were returning home very sad.
Fatimah Ma'soomah noticed the sadness and took the papers from them and answered their questions. The Muslims became happy and left. On the outskirts of Medina they met Imam Musa al-Kadhim (as) and they informed him of all that had transpired in his house. The Imam asked to read his daughter's answers and after reading expressed his happiness, praised her and in a short sentence said, "May her father be sacrificed for her."