In Bahrain

The Arab Spring which began in
Tunisia, swept several countries. In
some won (Tunisia, Egypt and Libya)
in the other turned into a bloody
civil war (Syria) and in others was
brutally repressed (Bahrain). The last
case is a manifestation of the great
hypocrisy of the U.S. and Western
To understand what happened to
Bahrain you need to know the
history of this tiny island-country in
the Persian Gulf / Bahrain was
inhabited by Arabs since ancient
times. In the seventh century rustic
clans adopted Islam. In the eighth
century, Bahrain was under the rule of abbasids. Qaramites Puritans were
extreme in matters of faith and
preach social egalitarianism .. The x-
aged power in Bahrain took
Shiite faction ismaili,
recognizing the seventh Imam Ismail
ibn Jafar as the last of the Imams.
Qarmatians also preached social
egalitarianism. In 930 years
captured Mecca, sacked the temples
of Al-Kaaba, killed more than 1,700
pilgrims and exported to Bahrain
famous sacred Black Qarmatians
it only in 950 years). Qarmatians
soon ceased to exist, but Shiites
have since started to constitute a
majority of the population of the
From the twelfth century, Bahrain
remained in the hands of the local
Arab dynasty. In the sixteenth
century the Portuguese conquered it
by replacing the base for Persia. In
1602 years the Persian Shahanshah
Abbas the Great captured Bahrain,
drove out the Portuguese and Arab
local authority gave emirom, who
paid tribute to Persia. In 1783, the
Al-Khalifa dynasty in the eastern
part of Arabia won the Bahrain and
its members still prevail in the
In 1820 the United Kingdom
established a protectorate over the
island and began to direct the
foreign policy of the emirate. In
1932, the discovery of oil in Bahrain.
Its production gradually increased /
After World War II, the British
Empire began to crumble. In the
'60s created a federation of several
emirates. As a result of confusion as
to the economic policies of Bahrain
left the federation and August 14,
1968, he announced independence.
From the first moments tied to a
political alliance with the U.S..
Americans, for whom the island was
a strategic base in the Middle East
Bahrajnowi sold large amounts of
military equipment and train its
army and police. Absolute power in
the Emirate Emir Isa ibn
Salman al-Khalifa. Emir was
wahabi, or a supporter of extreme
heresy of Saudi Arabia. His dynasty
is related to Saudi.
Although the Wahhabis were a small
minority in a country occupied all
exposed government, dominated by
the economy, but they could serve in
the army and police, and to study
in schools.60% of the population of
Bahrain are Shiites, but who for
centuries were second-class citizens.
Prevented them to acquire higher
education, were not allowed into
many areas of the economy. Since
the 70s in Bahrain began arise
Muslim immigrants from Pakistan
and Bangladesh. They were usually
poor peasants who wanted to
improve their livelihoods.
They built roads, bridges and public
buildings. They were mercilessly
exploited by wahabi elite. Many
of them remained in Bahrain, but to
this day May the lowest social
status. In 1990, Bahrain, as an ally
of the United States took part in the
war against the Iraqi tyrant Saddam
Hussein of Kuwait. In 1999, he died
a longtime emir Isa ibn Salman Al-
Khalifa and his successor was the
son of Hamad. In a society began to
grow boiling. To ease the mood emir
allowed for the parliamentary
elections, but soon disbanded the
legislature under the pretext that
the Muslim Salafists entered
parliament-fundamentalists. The
outbreak of the Arab Spring in 2010
caused a revival of sentiment
In March 2011, began to mass
protests Shiites and immigrants.
They demanded admission to the
rule of the excluded majority. The
demonstrations were peaceful. Emir
Hamad Al-Khalifa, however, reacted
very violently and ordered to shoot
at protesters. Killed many people.
The demonstrations, however, did
not stop. Terrified emir called for
help from friendly forces of Saudi
Arabia, which specifically protests.
Thousands of protesters were in jail.
One of those arrested was a capable
young poetess Ayat al-szyitka-
Kurmezi, sentenced to a year in
prison writing poems about the
sufferings of their fellow believers.
The United States and Western
Europe so eagerly defending human
rights during the uprising in Libya
against Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi
in the case of Bahrain took on water
in the mouth. I'm not surprised.
United States and many Western
countries has extensive interests on
the island. They buy and sell crude
oil Emir of large quantities of arms.
The Arab Spring in Bahrain ended in
Once again came out the hypocrisy
of the United States and other
Western countries. I think, however,
that the Shiites and emigrants in
Bahrain did not say the last word.
Tyranny can not last forever and
even those who today are second-
class citizens ever play for freedom
and a decent life, that they like the
most to be. I wrote a poem,'' Pearl of
Bahrain which is in my book of
poems,'' Wolf ticket.

,, Pearl of Bahrain''
Girls smiling
in a black scarf on her head
the Persian bracelet on his wrist
She wrote poems about the suffering
their co-religionists
They threw her into a cell
Tore pages
Napluli face
The mother burst into tears
My father was silent
Emir issued a statement
The prison is quiet and stuffy
Through a small window in the stone
looks at the world
bleeding pearl.

Ayat al-Kurmezi