Arba'een Walk, The Aftermath Of Ashura
The tradition of Arbaeen started in the year 61 A.H immediately after the matyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) and his 72 companions at Karbala, by the famous companion of the prophet, Jabir bin Abdullah al Ansari (r.a) accompanied by by Attiyah al Awfi, Jabir was blind therefore Attiyah al Awfi is in his company,Attiyah led Jabir to river Euphrate (Furat), where he take a ritual bath and wear on his best cloths.
Jabir (r.a) trekked barefooted from Euphrate to the holy shrine of Imam Husain a.s and his companions at Karbala,it is said that in every step that Jabir take in his trek he invokes Zikr (continous invoking names of Allah) Jabir reached the shrine of Imam Husain (a.s) on 20th Safar 61 a.h exactly forty days after the matyrdom of Imam Husain and his companions.
When Jabir arrived at the shrine he fainted, after some time he regained consciousness, Jabir cried out thrice Yah Husain!, after then Jabir make a short speech saying "a lover does not answer his lover, how its possible for you to answer, while your blood veins have been cut into pieces, and your head was severed from your body, I testified that you are the son of the seal of the prophets and messengers, and the son of the leader of the vicegerents and the chief of the pious, The fifth of Ashabul Kisa'i (companions of the cloak) the son of Sayyidul Nuqaba (most famous ones in virtue) Son of Fatima the Mistress of all the women .
Jabir (r.a) and his companions sensed a group of people approaching the shrine, Jabir sends one of his slaves to comfirm the identity of the group,his companion identified the group led by Imam Ali bin Husain Zainul Abideen (a.s) which he runs back to the shrine and informed Jabir that its thier master Ali bin Husain (a.s), as the result of that Jabir freed him,
The group consisted of the remaining Family of Prophet s.a.w like Zainab bint Ali a.s and many others.
Jabir goes round the grave of Imam Husain a.s and pays homage (Ziyarat) to him by uttering this " Peace be upon you, the souls that were matyred together with Husain a.s, I testified that you are constant in your prayers,you have given out (Zakat) you have encouraged good and forbid evil, you have stand against the transgressors, Until you reached certainty".
By He Who sends Muhammad (s.a.w) with the truth, we have unite with you in your actions (against injustice), Attiyah al Awfi refuted Jabir by saying how can we unite with them, while we did not travelled through plains and valleys, we were not hit by swords and we did not hit anybody with sword,our children were not orphaned,while those people's head are severed from thier bodies,thier children orphaned thier wives widowed?
Jabir answered Attiyah by Saying "Oh Attiyah i have heard my lover Muhammad s.a.w saying Whoever loves certain people he will be ressurected together with them,and whoever loves the action of certain people he will be united with them in thier acts.
Jabir pays homage to all the companions of Imam Husain (a.s.) The event of Arbaeen is duly observed every year with different kinds of ceremonies,across the world. Today Arbaeen is the most peaceful gathering in the world,that is attracting millions of people, its unrefuted that Arbaeen is the largest gathering in the history of the world,and still its breaking the record year by year with atleast additional participants that reached 5 millions in number.
Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (as) 's hadith
on visit to Kerbala :-
1. 'If one of our Shia goes for Imam
Husain's (a.s.) Ziarat, then he will
not return but all his sins will be
forgiven. For every step that he or
his mount takes, 1,000 virtues are
written for him, 1,000 sins are
forgiven and his status is elevated
by a 1,000 degrees.' (Behaarul
Anwar, vol 101, pg 25, tradition 26;
Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 134)
2. When the visitor leaves the house,
each and every spot that he steps
on, prays for him.(Behaarul Anwar,
vol 101, pg 15, tradition 14)
3. When the rays of the sun fall on
the visitor of Imam's (a.s.) shrines, it
consumes his sins like the fire
consumes wooden sticks. The sun
does not leave any sin on his body
and he returns home sinless. In fact
on his return he is granted a status
that is not even given to those who
shed their blood in Allah's path.
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 15,
tradition 14; Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg
Victory of Blood over Sword,
Labbayka Ya Husain !!!